NYSkies Astronomy Inc
The support service for home astronomy in New York

HOME

Yahoogroup

Seminar

NYC Events

PazMiniBits

 

 NYC EVENTS FOR MAY 2018 
 ----------------------
 John Pazmino 
 NYSkies Astronomy Inc  
 nyskies@nyskies.org  
 www.nyskies.org 

    The following astronomy activities in the commuting ring enclosing 
New York City are operated by various organizations. A few cultural  
items of special importance to City astronomers are also included.  
    Altho NYC Events confirms the listed items, they are subject to 
change by their sponsors. Check with their contacts. Let the sponsor  
know that you learned of its event thru NYC Events.  
    Frequently asked questions and explanation of NYC Events is at 
'www.nyskies.org/nyc-faq.htm'.  
    You may ask for previous NYC Events thru 'nyskies@nyskies.org' 
because only the current issue is in the website. It is replaced by  
next month's issue.  
    For events which missed NYC Events, check the NYSkies Yahoogroup 
forum. Join NYSkies by visiting 'www.nyskies.org/yahoo.htm' and 
picking either the email or website option.  
    All hours are Eastern Dayulight Savings Time (UT - 4h) . 

General notes 
 -----------                           / 
    'whole City' means the event has no specific or dedicated place. 
It may be enjoyed from the whole NYSkies territory or at a number of 
individual places. Celestial events are typicly 'whole City' events.  
    'all day' means the event is continuous or repeating during the 
open hours of the host facility. Facilities may have limited hours per 
day or days per week. Check with the event contacts.  
    'adv regn reqd',for 'advance registration required/requested' 
means that the event requires or requests signing up before the event. 
You must have your ticket in hand at the gate. There could be a 
deadline some days before the event, after which no more signups are 
accepted. Check with the event contact for specifics. 
    Prices cited are the 'rack rate'. You could qualify for discounts 
 As may be offered by the sponsor. Besides the base price there may be 
noptional extra fees to consider. 

Current Month calendar  
 --------------------
  Plain dates are in current month;  
  -, previous month; +, next month.  
  Moon phase: .NM., .FQ), (FM), (LQ.  
  Sunset is noted for each Saturday  
  ---------------------------------
  Sun   Mon   Tue   Wed   Thu   Fri   Sat   sunset 
  ------------------------------------------------
 -(29)  -30     1     2     3     4     5   19:55 
    6    (7.    8     9    10    11    12  20:03 
   13    14    .5.   16    17    18    19  20:10 
   20   .21)   22    23    24    25    26  20:16 
   27    28  (O29)   30    31    +1    +2  20:22 
 ------------------------------------------------

Index  of Events  
 ------------- 
 * = NASA-JPL Night Sky Network affiliate  
 Date = entry in 'list of events' section 
 '0' = entry in 'ongoing and continuing events' section 
 'S/O',= entry in 'skipped, Sep/Oct resumption' section 
  'M/A' = entry in 'skipped, Mar/Apr resumption' secrion // '???' = 
entry in 'skipped, uncertain resumption' seciton 
 ------- -----------------------------------------------
    BROOKLYN - BK 
 *Floyd Bennett Field - - - 18 
  Secret Science Club - - -  0 

    CONNECTICUT - CT 
 *A S of Gtr Hartford   - - 16 
  Astro Soc of Greenwich  - ??? 
 *Astro Soc of New Haven  - 29 
  Bowman Observatory  - - -  2, 16 
 *Litchfield Hills AAC mtg  11 
 *Litchfield Hills starvg - 18 
 *McCarthy Observatory  - - 12 
  New Pond Farm - - - - - - ??? 
  Stamford Observatory  - -  4, 11, 18, 25      
 *Van Vleck Obsy (ASGH) - - 19 
  Van Vleck Obsy (WU) - - -  2, 9, 16 
  Western CT St Univ Obsy -  5, 21 
 *Westport Astro Soc mtg  - 15 
 *Westport Astro Soc starvg  2, 9, 16, 23, 30  
  -------------------------
  Boothe Meml Astro Soc - 203-377-9933, 
    www.facebook.com/Boothe-Memorial-Astronomical-Society 

    LONG ISLAND - LI 
 *Amateur Observers Soc - -  6 
  Amer Instt Aero & Astro - ??? 
  Astro Soc of Long Island   2, 9, 16, 23, 30 
  Brookhaven National Lab - ??? 
  Cathedral of Incernation   3 
  Custer Institute  - - - -  5, 12, 19, 26 
  Hofstra Univ Obsy - - - -  6 
  Montauk Observatory - - - 10 
  SUNY Stony Brook   -  - -  4 
 *Susan Rose Observatory  -  5, 12, 19, 26   
 
    MANHATTAN - MH  
 *Amat Astro Assn starvwg -  0 
 *Amat Astro Assn lecture -  4 
  Amer Musm Natl Hist   - -  2 
  Ctr for Atmosp Ocean Sci   2 
  Ctr for Science & Society ??? 
  Central Pk (Great Lawn) -  4,5,6,11,12,13,18,19,20,25,26,27 
 *Columbia Univ Obsy  - - -  4 
  Cornelia Street Cafe' - -  6 
  Earth Institute - - - - - ??? 
  Fleet Week  - - - - - - - 23-29 
  Good Housekeeping lab   - 11 
  Governor's Island - - - -  1-Oct 31 
  Gullicar's Gate - - - - -  0 
  Instt Stud Ancnt World  -  3, 10 
  Intrepid AstroCafe' - - - 18 
  Intrepid Astro Night  - - 11 
 *Inwood Astronomy Project   5, 12, 19, 26 
  'Jews in Space' exhibit  - 1-early June 
  'Jews in space' lecture    7 
  Jupiter Joe Sidewk Astro   0 
  Manhattanhengee - - - - - 29-31 
  Memorial Day -- - - - - - 28 
  Milky Way spring season -  1-June 30 
  Natl Musm of Mathematics   2 
  NY Academy of Sciences  - ??? 
  NYC-H2O - - - - - - - - -  0 
  New York Univ Astro - - -  1, 8, 15 
 *NYSkies Astronomy Seminar  4, 18 
  omega Centauri challenge   1-31 
  SciCafe'  - - - - - - - -  2 
  Science & the Arts  - - - ??? 
  Simons Foundation - - - - ??? 
  Top of the Lawn - - - - -  4,5,6,11,12,13,18,19,20,25,26,27 
  TriState computer fair  -  0 
  Urban Park Rangers -  - -  0 
  Weekend Walks - - - - - -  1-mid Dec 2018 
  World Science Festival  - 30-Jun 3 
  ----------------------------
 Ctr for Space Sci Edu - - info@nyccsse.org, www.nyccsse.org,  
            212-608-6164 n 
    METRO-NORTH - NY  
  Lamont-Doherty Obsy - - - 11, 18 
  Mid-Hudson Astro Assn - - 11 
  Ramapo Challenger Ctr - - 20 
  Vassar Coll Obsy  - - - -  2 
  Ward Pound Ridge  - - - - 12 
  Westchester Amat Astro  -  4 

    NEW JERSEY - NJ  
  A A A of Princeton  - - -  8 
  A S of Toms Rv Area - - - ??? 
 *Amat Astro Inc meeting  -  4, 11, 25 
 *Amat Astro Inc lecture  - 18 
  Joint Base centennial   -  0 
  Morris Musm Astro Soc - - 10 
  New Jersey Astro Assn - - 26 
  No Jersey Astro Gp mtg  - ??? 
  No Jersey Astro Gp starvg ??? 
  Peyton Observarory  - - -  9 
  Plasma Physics Lab  - - -  4, 18 
  Rutgers Univ Astro Collqm S/O 
  Rutgers Univ Astro Semnr  S/O 
 *S*T*A*R - - - - - - - - -  3 
  Schommer Observatory  - - 10, 24 
 *Sheep Hill Astro Assn - -  4 
 *Sheep Hill Observatory  - 18 
 *Utd Astro Clubs of NJ - -  5, 12, 19, 26 
  Washington Xing St Pk - -  4, 11, 18, 25 
  ---------------------------
  Dark Sky Observers - www.users.nac.net/gburke/club  
  McDowell Obsy - mec.rst2.edu, 201-460-8300 
  Montclair Telescope Club - 973-948-5284, bischoff@garden.net,    
        users.erols.com/njastro/orgs/mtc.hrm  
 NW Jersey Amat Astro - www.nwjaa.org, info@nwjaa.org 
  Passaic Co Astro Assn - www.users.nac.net/gburke/PCAA, 973-523-0024 
 *Raritan Vy Co Coll Plm  - www2.raritanval.edu/planetarium  
   Skyland Stargazers  -  skylandstargazers.tripod.com 

    QUEENS - QN  
  Alley Pond Park - - - - - 19 
  York College Observatory   9 

    REST OF WORLD 

    STATEN ISLAND - SI   
  Coll of Staten Is Obsy  - ??? 
  Great Kills Park  - - - - 19 
  Staten Is Community TV  -  4, 11, 18, 25 

    THE BRONX - BX 
  
 ============================= 

Ongoing and continuing events 
  --------------------------
    all day - whole state - NJ - Joint Base centennial shows 
        VARIOUS LOCATIOONS ND TIMES; INQUITR AT CONTACT 
       Thru 2018 Oct 31. 100th annivesaty if Fort Dix and later 
        worls of McGuire AFN and Lakehurst NAS. These are only 
        military facilityies jointly run by all three major branches, 
        army, air force, navy. Events staged at or near bases. Most 
        ree, some pay. www.nj.gov/state/historical/index.html, 
        609-292-6062, Feedback@sos.nj.gov 
    all day - whole City - MH - cultural tour 
        VARIOUS LOCATIONS AND TIMES; INQUIRE AT CONTACT 
        NYC-H2O. Walk, bike, ride thru history and culture of NYC 
        muwater system facilities and natural waterways in and near 
        the City.  Events are pay orfree, adn regn reqd. Bike tours 
        need own bike. www.nych2o.org, 
        matt@nych2o.org 
    all day - whole City - MH - clearsky starviewing  
        VARIOUS PLACES, DATES, HOURS; INQUIRE AT CONTACT  
        Amat Astro Assn. Sessions convene in parks usually at dusk. 
        Occasional daytime sunviewing. Free. Cancelled for clouds. 
          president@aaa.org, 718-522-5014, www.aaa.org  
    all day - whole City - MH - clearsky starviewing  
        VARIOUS PLACES, DATES, HOURS; INQUIRE AT CONTACT  
        Jupiter Joe's Sidewalk Astronomy. Sessions convene in parks 
        usually at dusk. Occasional daytime sunviewing. Free. `       
        Cancelled for clouds.  www.jupiterjoesastronomy.org, 
        jupiyerjoesastronomy@gmail.com 
    all day - Gullivaer's Gate - MH - cultural exhibit 
        indef duration. 216 W 44 St, 7/8 Av. Opened in mid April 2017 
        for preview. Miniature models of landmarks and important 
        structures from around the world. Rooms arranged by quarter of 
        world and for New York City. $36, timed ticket, adv regn reqd. 
        Optional cost for stereopint of visitor into figurine placed 
        at desired item in exhibit. www.gulliversgate.com. 
    all day - whole City - MH - cultural tours & lectures 
        VARIOUS PLACES, DATES, HOURS; INQUIRE AT CONTACT  
        Urban Park Rangers. Tours of parks, landmarks, nabes, hoods. 
        Lectures on history and culture of NYC. Program varies each 
        month. Free. www.nyc.gov/parks  
    10:00 - whole City - MH - Tri-State Computer Fair 
        VARIOUS LOCATIONS, GENERALLY ON SUNDAYS 
        Source of computer systems, software, components, accessories. 
        $7. www.tri-statefairs.com, 718-227-5586 
    20:00 - Bell House - BK - Secret Science Club meeting  
        OCCASIONAL SESSIONS; INQUIRE AT CONTACT 
        149 7 St, 2/3 Av. Lecture and music on various science  
        topics. Free. secretscienceclub.blogspot.com, 718-638-4400, 

List of events 
 ---------                                                          
Tue  1 May 
    all day - VIVO Institt - MH - 'Jews in Space' exhibit 
        Thru early June 2018. Within Ctr for Jewsih Hist buldg, 15 
       W 16 St, 5/6 Av. Opened Feb 26. Art pieces, photos, books & 
        maps, artifacts from Jewish astronauts and astronomers from 
        17th century to today. Free, have GI photo ID for campus 
        security. ww.vivo.org, 212-246-6080, vivomail@vivo.cjh.org. 
    all day - Governors Island - MH - cultural shows 
        FERRY IS FREE FOR FIRST WEEK, MAY 1-6, THENAFTER $2 RT
        Thru 31 Oct. Island is open on every day, 10h-20h weekdayss, 
        10h-19h weekends. Walk and tour thru former military base and 
        new urban park. Shows vary each day or visit by foot or bike. 
        Ferries run every day 10h-17h from Battery Marine Terml, MH, 
        and on weekdays from Pier 6, BK. Island is free but ferry 
         fare is $2 RT. www.nps.gov/gois, 
        www.govisland.com 
    all day - ehole City - MH - Weekend Walks street fairs
        VARIOUS LOCATIONS AND DATES; INQUIRE AT CONTACT 
       Thru mid Dec. NYC Dept of Transptn closes certain steets in 
        all boros on Saturdayss for street fairs. Stores and local 
         orgs offer ntertainment, discount sales, exhibits, food 
        service Free. 
        www.nyc.gov/html/dot/weekendwalks/html/home/home.shtml 
    02:00 - whole City - MH - spring Milky Way season 
        Thru Jun 30. Spring season for sighting Milky Way from within 
        NYC. Requires dark clear sky and thoro knowledge of normal 
        luminous graffiti in sky. Milky Way is in high east sky at 
        about 02:00. www.nyskies.org/articles/pazmino/milky-ny.htm    
    14:00 - New York University - MH - astronomy lecture 
        726 Broadway, Rm 940. Various topics in astrophys and 
        relativity. Free. Have GI photo ID for campus security. 
        physics.nyu.edu/evengts.htm 
    22:00 - whole City - MH - omega Centauri chaleenge 
        EVENT RESTORED BY READERS REQUEST
        Thru 31 May. When cluster ome Cen, NGC5128, is on meridian 
        it's about 1 deg alt, yet is observable from within NYC. 
        Requires dark sky and clear horizon. 
        www.nyskies.org/articles/pazmino/51285139.htm. 

Wed  2 May
    15:30 - Courant Institute - MH - science lecture 
        Ctr for Atmosp & Ocean Studies. Weaver Hall, 251 Mercer 
        St. Various topics in geophysics and earth science. Free. 
        caos.cims.nyu.edu, shafer@cims.nyu.edu 
     16:00 - Natl Musm of Mathematics - MH - science show 
        Also 19:00. 'Mathematical Encounters'. Free, adv regn
        reqd. 212-542-0566, www.momath.org, info@momath.org 
    19:00 - Amer Musm Natl Hist - MH - SciCafe' show 
        Hall of Ocean Life or hall of planet Earth. Music, drinks, 
        chat with Museum scientists. Free, be 21 or be gone. GI photo 
        ID reqd. 212-769-5100, www.amnh.org/programs 
    20:00 - Middletown - CT - clearsky starviewing 
        Wesleyan U, Van Vleck Obsy. Free, cancelled for clouds. 
        860-685-3664, www.wesleyan.edu/astro/events 
    20:00 - Centerport - LI - Astro Soc of LI meeting 
        Vanderbilt Plm. Free. asliastronomy@yahoo.com, 
        www.asliclub.org 
    20:30 - Westport - CT - clearsky starviewing 
        Westport Astro Soc. Rolnick Obsy. Free. Cancelled for 
        clouds. www.was-ct.org, 203-227-0925 
    20:30 - Greenwich - CT - clearsky starviewing 
        Astro Soc of Greenwich. Curtis Elem Schl, Bowman Obsy. Free. 
        Cancelled for clouds. rickbria@optonline.net, 203-415-6762. , 
        astrogreenwich.org 
    21:00 - Poughkeepsie - NY - clearsky starviewing 
        Vassar College, Observatory. Free. Cancelled for clouds. 
        physicsandastronomy.vassar.edu/observatory.html, 
        845-437-7340 

Thu  3 May
    18:00 - Inst Stud Anc World - MH - cultural lecture 
        15 E 84 St, 5/Madison Av. Various topics on history and 
         culture of ancient civilizations.. Free, adv regn reqd. 
        isaw..nyu.edu isaw@nyu.edu, 212-992-7842 
    19:00 - Garden City - LI - dcience lecture 
        Cathedral of the Incarnation. 'Science and faith: The science 
        of the Saint John's Bible'. Freem, adv regn reqd. 
        www.scienceandfaith.eventbrite.com 
    20:00 - Lincroft - NJ - S*T*A*R meeting 
        Brookdale Commty Coll, Mommouth Museum. Free. 
        www.starastronomy.org, s-walters@comcast.net 

Fri  4 May
    10:00 - Princeton - NJ - science tour 
        Plasma Physics Lab. Walk thru history and culture of fproject 
        to capture energy from controled hydrogen fusion. Free, adv 
        regn reqd. Photo ID required for campus security. 
        www.pppl.gov/events 
    18:15 - Amer Musm Natl Hist - MH - Amat Astro Assn lecture 
         Kaufmann Theater. Free, no musm adm fee. 718-522-5014, 
        president@aaa.org, www.aaa.org 
    18:30 - McBurney House - MH - NYSkies Astronomy Seminar  
        DISCUSSION: SUMMER'S GIANT PLANETSJUPITER AND SATURN
        125 W 14 St, 6/7 Av. Discussion of astronomy topics, show 
        & tell, skywatching reports, news of astro activity in NYSkies 
        territory. Free. nyskies@nyskies.org, www.nyskies.org     
    19:30 - Cranford - NJ - Amat Astro Inc meeting 
        Union Co Coll, Sperry Obsy. Indoor talk, clearsky  
        starviewing. Free. www.asterism.org, hfjacinto6@gmail.com  
    19:30 - Boonton - NJ - Sheep Hill Astro Assn meeting  
        Boonton Senior Ctr. Free. www.sheephillastro.org, 
        contacts@sheephillastro.org, wwestura@optonline.net 
     19:30 - Stony Brook - LI - astronomy lecture 
        SUNY Stony Brook, Earth & Spc Sci Hall. Indoor lecture, 
        clearsky starviewing. Free. www.ess.sunysb.edu/astro, 
        631-632-8100, slutterbie@notes.cc.sunysb.edu 
    19:30 - Pleasantville - NY - Westchester Amat Astro meeting  
        Pace Univ, Miller Hall, Free. www.westchesterastronomers.org, 
        waa-president@westchesterastronomers.org  
    19:30 - Staten Is Community TV - SI - science show 
        100 Cable Way, Mariners Hr SI. 'Geology forum' Live audience, 
        seating at 19:30, on air at 20:00. Free. www.sictv.org, 
        718-727-1414 
    20:0:0 - Columbia University - MH - astronomy lecture 
          Pupin Hall, signs to lecture room. Indoor lecture, clearsky 
         starviewing. Free. outreach-admin@astro.columbia.edu, 
         www.astro.columbia.edu/outreach, 212-854-3278 
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing 
        PLUS OCCASIONAL EXTRA SESSIONS; INQUIRE AT CONTACT  
        Top of the Lawn. North path of Great Lawn. Free. Cancelled for 
        clouds. tags_p@yahoo.com, www.nyskies.org, nyskies@nyskies.org 
    20;00 - Wash'n X'ing - NJ - clearsky starviewing 
        Amat Astro Assn of Princeton. Simpson Obsy. Free, cancelled 
       for clouds. www.princetonastronomy.org, 609-737-2575, 
      info@princetonastronomy.org 
    20:00 - Stamford - CT - astronomy lecture 
        Stamford Obsy. $3. Indoor lecture, clearsky starviewing. 
        203-322-6537, www.stamfordmuseum.org, cescovil@earthlink.net 

Sat  5 May
    20:00 - Danbury - CT - astronomy lecture 
        Westn Conn St Uv, Obsy/Plm. Indoor planetarium show, 
        clearsky starviewing. Free. www.wcsu.edu/starwatch, 
        203-837-8671, dawsond@wcsu.edu 
    20:00 - Susan Rose Obsy - LI - clearsky starviewing  
        Amat Obsrs Soc. capus of Custer Institt. Sessions concurrent 
        with Custer's own events. Free, cancelled for clouds. 
        www.aosny.org, suerose@optonline.net             
    20:00 - Jenny Jump St Forest - NJ - Utd A C of NJ mtg 
        UACNJ Obsy. Indoor talk, clearsky starviewing. Free.  
        www.uacnj.org 
    20:00 - Southold - LI - Custer Institute meeting 
        OCCASIONAL EXTRA EVENTS; INQUIRE AT CONTACT  
        Custer Instt. Indoor program, clearsky starviewing. $5-$15. 
        Varies with program. www.custerobservatory.org, 
        president@custerobservatory.org, 631-765-2626  
    20:00 - Inwood Hill Park - MH cleasky starviewing 
        OCCASIONAL EXTRA SESSIONS; INQUIRE AT CONTACT  
        Inwood Astronomy Project. Meet at park entrance, Seaman Av 
        & Isham St. Free. Cancelled for clouds. 917-529-2359 
        www.inwoodastronomy.org, asonskendall@gmail.com 
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4

sun  6 May
    13:15 - Uniondale - LI - Amat Obsrs Soc meeting. 
        Hofstra Univ, Berliner Hall. Free. www.aosny.org, 
        suerose@optonline.net 
    18:00 - Cornelia St Cafe' - MH - Entertaining Science show 
        29 Cornelia St & W 4 St, Play & music on various 
        science themes. $10 + one drink min. 
        www.corneliastreetcafe.com, 212-989-9319 
    20:00 - Uniondale - LI - clearsky starviewing 
        Hofstra University,Berliner Bdg, Rm 117. Free, 
        adv regn reqd. Cancelled for clouds. 516-463-2759, 
        www.hofstra.edu/Academics, observatory@hofstra.edu 
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4

Mon  7 May
    18:30- VIVO Institt - MH - 'Jews in Space' lecture 
          Within Ctr for Jewsih Hist buldg, 15 W 16 St, 5/6 Av. 
        Astronaut Jefrey Hoffman & Dr Valerie Neal discuss history of 
        Jewish activity in astronomy and space science. $15, adv regn 
        reqd. Have GI photo ID for campus security. ww.vivo.org, 212-
        246-6080, vivomail@vivo.cjh.org. 

Tue  8 May
    14:00 - New York University - MH - astronomy lecture - see May 1
    15:00 - Upton - LI - science lecture 
        Brookhaven Natl Lab, Bldg 510. 'The cosmic microwave
        background and how it keeps on revealing more about the 
        universe'. Free, have GI photo ID for campus 
        security. 631-344-2651, www.bnl.gov/physics/evnts 
    19:30 - Princeton - NJ - Amat Astro Assn of Princeton meeting 
        Princeton U, Peyton Hall. Free. www.princetonastronomy.org, 
        609-737-2575, info@princetonastronomy.org 

Wed  9 May
    20:00 - Centerport - LI - Astro Soc of LI meeting - see may 2
    20:00 - Middletown - CT - clearsky starviewing - see May 2
    20:00 - York College - QN - astronomy lecture . 
        Core Academic Bdg, Rm AC-2E01. Indoor lecture, clearsky 
        starviewing. Free, adv regn reqd. 718-262-2082, 
        www.york.cuny.edu/centers-institutes/observatory, 
       tpaglione@york.cuny.edu 
    20:30 - Westport - CT - clearsky starviewing - see May 2
    20:30 - Princeton - NJ - clearsky starviewing 
        Princeton Univ, Peyton Hall. Free. Cancelled for clouds 
        www.astro.princeton.edu/observatory/publicobserving.php,//, 
        jeg@astro.princeton.edu, lee@astro.princeton.edu 

Thu 10 May
    18:00 - Inst Stud Anc World - MH - cultural lecture - see May 3
    19:30 Sag Harbor - LI - astronomy lecture 
        Montauk Obsy, John Jemian Meml Liby.. Indoor talk, 
        clearsky starviewing. Free. www.montaukobservatory.com 
    19:30 - Morristown - NJ - Morris Museum Astro Soc meeting  
         Morris Museum. Free. 973-386-1848, 973-386-1848,, 
        www.mmastrosociety.org, info@morrismusem.org, 
        ckkrish@gmail.com 
    20:30 - Piscataway - NJ - clearsky starviewing 
        Rutgers Univ, Schommer Obsy. Free. Cancelled for clouds.  
        732-205-0020, www.physics.rutgers.edu/ast/ast-serin.html  
        pryor@physics.rutgers.edu 

Fri 11 May
    10:00 - Good Housekeeping Resrch Instt - MH - science tour 
        Also 11:30. Hearst Tower, 57 St & 8 Av. Walk thru history and 
        science of product testing center of Good Housekeeping 
        magazine. Free, adv regn reqd. 212-649-5000, 
        ghritours@hearst.com 
    11:00 - Palisades - NY - science lecture 
        Lamont-Doherty Earth Obsy, Comer Bldg. Various topics in 
        geophysics and earth science. Free, 845-365-8634, 
        www.ldeo.columbia.edu, suzana@ldeo.columbia.edu, 
    19:00 - Lk Taghkanic St Pk - NY - clearsky starviewing
        Mid-Hudson Astro Assn. West Beach parking lot. Free,  
        cancelled for clouds. Adv regn reqd with vehicle make, 
        model, plate number for park security.
`       www.nidgudsonastronomy.org 
     19:30 - Intrepid Museum - MH - astronomy lecture
        Flight deck of ship. Indoor/open air lecture, clearsky 
        starviewing. Free. www.intrepidmuseum.org
    19:30 - Torrington - CT - Litchfield Hills Amat Astro Club mtg 
        Central Congregational Church. Free.lhaacsec@gmail.com 
        lhastro.org 
    19:30 - Staten Is Community TV - SI - science show - see May 4
    19:30 - Cranford - NJ - Amat Astro Inc meeting - see may 4
    20;00 - Wash'n X'ing - NJ - clearsky starviewing - see May 4
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4
    20:00 - Stamford - CT - astronomy lecture - see May 4

Sat 12 May
    20:00 - New Milford - CT - astronomy lecture  
        McCarthy Obsy, New Miford HS. Indoor lecture, clearsky  
        starviewing. Free. www.mccarthyobservatory.org, 860-354-1595, 
        contact@mccarthyobservatory.org 
    20:00 - Ward Pound Ridge - NY - clearsky starviewing 
        Westchester Amat Astro. Meadows Picnic Area. Free. Cancelled 
        for clouds. waa-president@westchesterastronomers.org 
        www.westchesterastronomers.org, 
    20:00 - Southold - LI - Custer Institute meeting - see May 5
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4
    20:00 - Jenny Jump St Forest - NJ - Utd A C of NJ mtg - see may 5
    20:00 - Susan Rose Obsy - LI - clearsky starviewing  - see May 5
    20:00 - Inwood Hill Park - MH cleasky starviewing - see may 5

Sun 13 May
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4

Tue 15 May
    14:00 - New York University - MH - astronomy lecture - see May 1
    20:00 - Westport - CT - Westport Astro Soc meeting 
         Rolnick Obsy. Free. www.was-ct.org, 203-227-0925 

Wed 16 May
     19:30 - New Brittain - CT - Astro Soc of Gtr Hartford meeting 
        Central CT St Univ, Copernicus Plm. Free. www.asgh.org, 
        860-872-9069, pparkerrs@cs.com         
    20:00 - Centerport - LI - Astro Soc of LI meeting - see may 2
    20:00 - Middletown - CT - clearsky starviewing - see May 2
    20:30 - Westport - CT - clearsky starviewing - see May 2
    20:30 - Greenwich - CT - clearsky starviewing - see May 2

Fri 18 May
    10:00 - Princeton - NJ - science tour - see May 4
    11:00 - Palisades - NY - science lecture - see May 11
    18:30 - McBurney House - MH - NYSkies Astronomy Seminar  /         
        DISCUSSION: BLACKHOLES, BACKDOOR TO EINSTEIN'S RELATIVITY
        125 W 14 St, 6/7 Av. Discussion of astronomy topics, show 
        & tell, skywatching reports, news of astro activity in NYSkies 
        territory. Free. nyskies@nyskies.org, www.nyskies.org 
     19:30 - Intrepid Museum - MH - AstroCafe' lecture
        Flight deck of ship. Indoor/open air lecture, clearsky 
        starviewing. Food & drink service, bar drinks sold only to 21+ 
        YO. Free. www.intrepidmuseum.org 
    19:30 - Staten Is Community TV - SI - science show - see May 4
    20:00 - Cranford - NJ - Amat Astro Inc lecture 
        Union Co Coll, Smith Audm. Indoor talk, clearsky 
        starviewing. Free. www.asterism.org 
    20:00 - Floyd Bennett Field - BK - clearsky starviewing 
        Community Garden. NYSKies & Natl Park Svc. Free. Cancelled 
        for clouds. www.nyskies.org, stephenlieber@nyc.rr.com, 
        nyskies@nyskies.org 
    20:00 - Stamford - CT - astronomy lecture - see May 4
    20;00 - Wash'n X'ing - NJ - clearsky starviewing - see May 4
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4
    20:30 - Litchfield - CT - Litchfield Hills A A C lecture 
        White Meml Consrvn Ctr. Free. Indoor lecture, clearsky 
        starviewing. lhaac.shutterfly.com, lhaacsec@gmail.com 
        lhastro.org 
    20:30 - Boonton - NJ - clearsky starviewing  
        Sheep Hill Astro Assn Obsy, Free. Cancelled for  
        clouds. sheephillastro.otg, contacts@sheephillastro.org, 
        wwestura@optonline.net 

Sat 19 May
    19:30 - Alley Pond Park - QN - clearsky starviewing 
        Alley Pond Enviro Ctr. $14 at door. Cancelled for clouds. 
        www.alleypond.org, info@alleypond.org, 718-229-4000 
     20:00 - Middletown - CT - clearsky starviewing 
        Astro Soc of Gtr Hartford, Wesleyan U, Van Vleck Obsy. Free. 
        Cancelled for clouds. www.asgh.org, 860-872-9069,  
        pparkers@cs.com 
    20:00 - Great Kills Pk - SI - clearsky starviewing 
        Natl Pk Svc. Enter at Hylan Bv to playground; Free. Cancelled 
        for clouds. www.nps.gov/gate, 718-987-6790  n 
    20:00 - Southold - LI - Custer Institute meeting - see May 5
    20:00 - Inwood Hill Park - MH cleasky starviewing - see may 5
    20:00 - Jenny Jump St Forest - NJ - Utd A C of NJ mtg - see may 5
    20:00 - Susan Rose Obsy - LI - clearsky starviewing  - see May 5
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4

Sun 20 May
    14:00 - Airmont - NY - science show 
        Ramapo Challenger Ctr, 225 Rt 29. Multimedia 
       imulation of space missions. $20. wwwlhvcc.com, 
        director@lhvcc.com, 845-257-3416. 
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4

Wed 23 May
    all day - whole City - MH - Fleet Week show 
       VARIOUS LOCATIONS AND HOURS; INQUIRE AT CONTACT 
        Thru 29 May. Dozens of navy ships from several countries 
        dock in NYC for tours and visits. Demos ofair-sea operations a 
        various places in City. Exhibts at Intrepid Museum. Free, 
        possible limited room or long waits. Local news media, 
        www.militarynews.com/app/fleetweknewyork
    20:00 - Centerport - LI - Astro Soc of LI meeting - see may 2
    20:00 - Danbury - CT - astronomy lecture - see May 5
    20:30 - Westport - CT - clearsky starviewing - see May 2

Thu 24 May
    20:30 - Piscataway - NJ - clearsky starviewing - see May 10

Fri 25 May
    19:30 - Cranford - NJ - Amat Astro Inc meeting - see may 4
    19:30 - Staten Is Community TV - SI - science show - see May 4
    20;00 - Wash'n X'ing - NJ - clearsky starviewing - see May 4
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4
    20:00 - Stamford - CT - astronomy lecture - see May 4

Sat 26 May
    20:00 - Southold - LI - Custer Institute meeting - see May 5
    20:00 - Jenny Jump St Forest - NJ - Utd A C of NJ mtg - see may 5
    20:00 - Inwood Hill Park - MH cleasky starviewing - see may 5
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4
    20:00 - Susan Rose Obsy - LI - clearsky starviewing  - see May 5
    20:30 - Voorhees St Pk - NJ - NJ Astro Assn meeting 
        NJAA-HQ, Robinson Obsy. Indoor lecture, clearsky 
        starviewing. Free. www.njaa.org, 908-368-8600 

Sun 27 May
    20:00 - Central Park - MH - clearsky starviewing - see May 4

    all day - whole City - MH - Memorial Day 
        Please check with event contact for session falling on this 
        day by rule or outdated schedule c  

Tue 29 May
    19:00 - New Haven - CT - Astro Soc of New Haven meeting 
        Yale Univ, Leitner Family Obsy. Indoor talk, clearsky 
        starviewing. Free. www.asnh.org, prez@asnh.org 
    20:00 - gridiron - MH - Manhattanhenge 
        Thru 31 May. Sun sets in line with E-W streets within 
        Manhattan gridiron. Requires clear view along street to 
        horizon in NJ. www.nyskies.org/articles/pazmino/stone-ny.htm 

wed 30 May
    all day - whole City - MH - World Science Festival 
        VARIOUS LOCATIONS AND HOURS; INQUIRE AT CONTACT 
        Thru Sun 3 Jun. Lectures, shows, performances, exhibits for 
        all sciences. Some events are  free, some pay. Many concurrent 
        events in different locations. www.worldsciencefestival.com, 
        info@worldsciencefestival.com 
    20:00 - Centerport - LI - Astro Soc of LI meeting - see may 2
    20:30 - Westport - CT - clearsky starviewing - see May 2

Events Skipped This Month 
 -----------------------                                          
 EVENT MAY RESUME AT DIFFERENT PLACE OR HOUR; INQUIRE AT CONTACT 
  --------------------------------------
  --------------------------------------
  [S/O] SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER RESUMPTION OF ACTIVITY 
  --------------------------------------
    13:30 - Piscataway - NJ - astronomy lecture 
        Seminar series. Rutgers Univ, Serin 401. Free. 732-445-3974, 
        www.physics.rutgers.edu/ast/seminar 
    16:30 - Piscataway - NJ - astronomy lecture 
         Colloquium series. Rutgers Univ, Busch Campus, Astro & Phys 
        Lectr Hall. Free. www.physics.rutgers.edu/colloquium, 
        732-445-3974 
  --------------------------------------
  [???] UNCERTAIN RESUMPTION OF ACTIVITY 
  --------------------------------------
    15:30 - Greenwich - CT - Astro Soc of Greenwich meeting 
        Greenwich Public Library. Free with musm adm. 
        rickbria@optonline.net, 203-415-6762, astrogreenwich.org 
    17:00 - Simons Foundation - MH - scinece lecture 
         160 5 Av & 21 St. 'How and why Mercury is different from its 
        sibling rocky planets?'. Free, adv regn reqd. 646-654-0066, 
        ww.simonsfoundation.org 
    18:00 -CUNY Graduate Center - MH - Ctr for Sci & Soc lecture 
        385 Fifth Av. 'Early modernb science intertwine An 
        Iberoamerican perspective'.. Free, adv regn reqd, Free,  
        limited seating. 212-854-7211, 
        scienceandsociety.columbia.edu 
    18:00 - Uniondale - LI -  Amer Instt Aero & Astro lecture       
        Hofstra Univ. Breslin Hall. Various topics in aeronautics and 
        astronautics. 'Nars sample return missiOn'. Free, optional $5 
        pizza-soda. 516-458-8593, davidparis@twc.com 
    18:00 - Earth Institute - MH - science lecture 
        Columbnia Univ, Lerner Hall, Arledge Audm.. 'Sea level rise: 
        Causes, impacts and options for solutions'. Free, adv regn 
        reqd. ei.columbia.edu 
    18:30 - CUNY Graduate Center - MH - Science and the Arts show 
        'TNo, No, Nobel' on women who missedthe Nobel Prize for 
        their work. Free. 212-817-7521, bschwartz@gc.cuny.edu, 
        scienceandarts@scienceandarts.pmailus.com, 
    19:00 - Toms River - NJ - Astro Soc of Toms Rv Area meeting 
        Ocean Co Coll, Student Ctr, Solar Lounge. Free. 
        www.astra-nj.org, 732-255-0343, webmaster@astra-nj.org 
   19:00 - Coll of Staten Is - SI - clearsky starviewing 
        Astrophys Obsy. Free, cancelled for clouds. 718-982-2818, 
        csivc.csi.cuny.edu/supernove7/files/home.html, 
        robbins@mail.csi.cuny.edu, 
    19:00 - NY Academy of Sciences - MH - astronomy lecture 
        'The unification of physics: The ques for a Theory of 
    20:00 - Upper Montclair - NJ - clearsky starviewing 
        No Jersey Astro Gp. Montclair St Univ, Richardson Hall.        
        Free, cancelled for clouds. njastro.org, 973-655-7266,  
    20:00 - Upper Montclair - NJ - No Jersey Astro Gp meeting 
        Montclair St Univ, Richardson Hall, Room 232. Free. 
        njastro.org, 973-655-7266 
    20:30 - West Reading - CT - clearsky starviewingh 
        New Pond Farm, obseratory. $10, adv regn reqd. , cancelled for 
        clouds. www.newpondfarm.org, 203-938-2117, 
D[ISCUSSION OF NEW YORK ASTRONOMY OMITTED FROM PRELIMINARY EDITION]

General news 
 ----------
    We welcome back Mid-Hudson Astronomical Association, which seemed 
dormant for a couple years. It overhauled its web and runs monthly 
clearsky starviewing. See under May 11. 
    Amateur Observers Society opens in May 2018 new starviewing 
location, Sagamore Hill museum. Initial program has monthly public 
sessions and occasional for in-house observing. Events are included in 
AOS entry in 'ongoing and continuous events'.
    Intrepid Museum starts in May new starviewing series 'AstroCafe'' 
on ship's deck. It offers food and drink and requires guests to be at 
least 21 years old. I list this series separately from Intrepis 
regularized Astronomy Nights which have no age limits. 
    We welcome on board NW Jersey Amateur Astronomers, Blairstown NJ. 
It doesn't post a schedule of events but notifies members of them by 
email.I list the club 'under the line' in  the New Jersey section. 
    I skipped the omega Centauri challenge in April's NYC Events 
because in recent years there were no good reports of seeing this 
globular cluster from the City. At NEAF several observers from outside 
the City inquired about the project and described their efforts. I'm 
restoring the challenge in this edition, altho twilight will interfere 
by mid May. 
    Westchester Amateur Astronomers moved from its own web to a 
Facebook page. The old web address redirects to it. It times out after 
about a minute, then blocks the screen with a log-on panel. 
    'Jews in space' exhibit is extended into early June, with a major 
lecture about it on May 7th. Lecture requires an advance purchase 
ticket for $15; exhibit is free. 

City News 
 -------
    Several NYSkiers sat the series of four lectures on Babylonian 
astronomy in late March-early April 2018. They were at Institute for 
Study of the Ancient World and detailed the social and historical 
factors that maintained the astronomy work for two thousand years. 
    NYSkies exhibited at both Earth Fay, 2018 April 15, and NEAF, 
April 21-22. Jim Henderson and John Pazmino crewed our booth for both 
events. We fielded about 500 visitors at Earth Day in Union Sq MH 
under chillywindy  cloudy skies, with rain falling near end of the 
show. We attracted about the same at NEAF, SUNY Rockland, Suffern NY. 
Some visitors at each were surprised to learn of our meetings in so 
central a location, only a few hundred meters from their homes or 
offices. 
     NYS MTA launched on 23 April 2018 'Bus action' plan to rebuild 
NYC bus grid. It, among other items,may by 2020: 
    * Realign bus routes for more efficient district coverage 
    * Acquire new buses to replace old obsolete models 
    * Place more bus shelters citywide 
    * Install digital info-panels at shelters 
    * provide curbside fare payment for all routes 
    * Extend hours for short-service routes 
    * Shift bus stops for easier transfer among routes                
MTA earlier in April rolled out new double-deck buses on certain 
express routes in Staten Island. NYSkies Astronomy Seminar on 2018 
april 6 brang us back to an almost-lost pleasure of watching 
artificial Earth satellites. We reviewed the story of the erly 
Sputniks and Explorers and Vanguard, comapring them with modern ones. 
For one factor, the old satellites had short-loved batteries or 
deficient solar cells, leaving them to be tracked oprticly. Home 
astronomers were called into service to eatch these moons, mark their 
paths on star maps, time meridian crossings, all to monitor their 
orbit changes due to air drag and irregular garvity. Optical tracking 
was the way to catch secret or unannounced Russian satellites. Home 
astronomers learned astrodynamics during this era, 1950s-1960s to 
calculate orbits and explore Kepler and Newton physics. All maths were 
done by hand with slide-ruler, log and trig tables, graphical methods. 
With satellite orbits changing on time scale of says, obtaining 
addiurnate orbit elements was difficult without access to rapid comms. 
We relied on kindly family or friends to avail of comms at school or 
office. By the late 1970s home computers came into use, allowing 
software to do the calcs and output text information about the path of 
te satellite in the sky. dsiplayed graphics were crude, yet helpful to 
visualize the moon's arc thru the constellations. The first softwares 
were type-in code printed in computer magazines, there being no 
commercial software yet. By the 1980s home computers improved with 
ability to transpond with each other thru the telephone mains. An 
author wrote software, saved it as a file, then let others call into 
his computer to download it. The prime database of satellites is 
maintained by the US Space Command, starting in the 1950s as NORAD . 
The data for each satellite was at first carried in punch cards, two 
per object and are still called today 'NORAD elements' or 'two-line 
elements'  A simpler set is abstracted for radio enthusiasts 
resembling more closely the classical orbit elements of astronomy. 
Thee are the 'keplerian elements'. Both databases are fixed-field 
layout, ready for use in satellite tracking softwares. The opening on 
Internet for public use in the 1990s moved space agencies and 
companies to post satellite information in their webs, including 
current and archived satellite orbit elements. By the 21st century the 
number of satellites deployed grew into scores per year from a dozen 
or so countries. The large number, plus the end of the First Cold War, 
eroded interest in satellite watching among home astronomers. We now 
tend to follow special ones, like the Shuttle, Mir, ISS, Tiangong, 
which are/were bright and obvious in the sky.  We look for 'flares' or 
'flashes'  from moons with large solar panels or flat antennae, mainly 
those in the Iridium series. We can watch geostationary moons by 
inspecting the starfield they sit in. At 10th of so magnitude they 
look like field stars. As the star background shifts from diurnal 
rotation, the satellite stay still in the telescope. Optical 
observation of satellites is done in twilight, before sunrise or after 
sunset. The satellite is high enough to be in sunlight while the 
ground and sky are dark. Within full night the moon is in the Earth's 
shadow and invisible. Takeaways were historical articles on 
satellites, examples of NORAD files, sample pages from satellite webs,  
plots of orbit changes from air drag and thruster boosts, chart of the 
Tiangong-1 recent fall out of orbit. 
    A fire broke out in Trump Tower on 7 April 2018, morning. FDNY 
contained it to apartment 50C, where resident Todd Brassner died. Six 
firefighters took minor injuries. Smoke filtered to higher floors with 
no injuries among other tenants. Fire apparently was electrical fault 
in a utility closet. 
    I was blessed with an ancient article I wrote in the 1970s at NEAF 
on A2018 April 21. Joe Rao, eclipse chaser and Space.com columnist, 
left at NYSkies booth a copy of a piece he preserved 'Solar eclipses 
of the twentieth century' listing all the eclipses, the Saros 
intervals between them, and a map of eclipses within 200km of 
Brooklyn.  
 altho the copy was made from a faded original, it is legible. I 
mounted it in a cover for protection. 
    A 'tiger' was running around in Washington Hts MH on 2018 April 
12. It was first seen by locals at ~08:30 EDST at 166 St & St Nicholas 
Av. The animal was really a large racoon, probably from one of the 
nearby parks.Police quickly captured the racoon and City's animal 
control  office put it to sleep.. 
    NYSkies Astronomy Seminar on May 20, 2018, was a short one to 
allow sleep for the next day's trip to NEAF in early morning.We 
studied the two main observing programs for spring-cummer, 
Manhattanhenge and Milky Way. See under may 1st.) We explored the 
structure of the Milky Way galaxy and how it shows as a band across 
the sky. We learned how, for example, the location of open clusters 
varies with the alignment of the Milky Way. In spring nightfall the 
Milky Way hugs the west horizon. Open clusters in it lost in thick air 
and residual twilight. The rest of the sky has far fewer open clusters 
away from te MW. The MW is almost never seen by eye from within New 
York City but once in a while the brightest patches shine thru dimly. 
These are in the 'summer' sergment, in high sky in spring owl hours. 
We have two possible chances to see the MW, in May-June and Sep-Nov. 
these months are the transition between cloudy overly cold winter and 
hazy humid overly hot summer. Both offer the best chances of clean 
dark sky to let the MW shine thru.Because at this time many local 
lights are turned off and the observer had many hours to build up 
night vision, the spring season for seeing the Milky Way is likely  
the better of the two. We learned about false sightings, like of 
lights reflected from low thin haze. The acid test is that thee 
suspected parch is actually in the ME band and it moves with the stars 
over time.Success is frankly iffy. It depends heavily on observer 
preparation and localized influences on the sky. Complete knowledge of 
the sky's normal illuminations is essential, as it is for spotting 
aurorae. Manhattanhenge comes twice each year, May 29-31 and July 9-
11. We saw that our June 1 Seminar is only one day late but it is a 
good time to watch the Stonehenge sunset touch down a little off 
center. We reviewed the shift of sunset point with season, noting the 
Manhattanhenge is 20 days before and after the summer solstice. A long 
sightline in a cross-street is best to get the Stonehenge effect. The 
ideal view has the wedge or notch of skyscrapers is 1/2 to 2/3 degree 
wide, snugly holding the setting Sun. We recalled several previous 
Manhattanhenges, like a few we watched outside our room in 14th 
street, and offered suggestions for favorable viewing places.Watching 
the setting Sun can be hazardous. it may distract from minding the 
surrounds, specially when standing in mid traffic on a cross-street. 
it can be dazzling, dangerous as if looking into a partial solar 
eclipse.  Takaways were diagrams and depictions of spiral galaxies, 
location of the major segments of MW around the Sun's place in our 
galaxy. charts of MW alignment in the sky by season, simulated view of 
MW from the City. 
    Jose' Campos survived a lightning strike on 2018 April 16. He was 
outside handling metal cables at Roman Stone Construction Co, Bayshore 
LI during the day's strong thunderstorm. At ~10:00 lightning hit the 
ground ~6m away. The electric flowed thru his feet, the cables, and 
his arm. Campos was knocked out and cowoekers called for medics. 
Campos recovered fully. 

Sky News
 ------
    On 1 April 2018 more snow came to NYSkies@ In late night flakes 
fluttered down, By dawn of April 2 they increased to a full-blown 
snowfall, covering the City with 12cm by mid afternoon. Warm 
temperatures at night and into the 3rd melted the snow. 
    Tiangogn-1 dropped out of orbit on 2018 April 2 ~06:16 EDST. Fall 
was expected for the 1st with leeway of several hours, meaning the 
ground point was any where along the craft's final laps of Earth. The 
fall was in Pacific ocean east of Australia near the southern solstice 
point of orbit. First reports note that probably the entire vehicle 
burned up with no large pieces reaching the water. 
    NYSkies finished it 2018 Globe at Night program in April with 
mostly hazy or cloudy sky. GaN continues all year with other target 
constellations, but we stay with just Orion. This still gives us a 
six-month run in evening, Nov-Apr. 
    A weak parhelion dextrum gloated over parts of Manhattan on 2018 
April 6 late afternoon. i hoped it would persist to let our Seminar 
admire it. It faded away at about 18h, a bit too early.
    In early-mid May 2018 Venus floats thru Taurus and Gemini, passing 
by many bright stars.  She continues to grow larger in angular size 
but is still in a  thick gibbous phase. At nightfall she stands almost 
opposite Jupiter, then rising in southeast. 
    Both parhelia shined thru thin clouds over northern New Jersey on 
2018 April 21 late afternoon. They were large glowballs on each side 
of the Sun with no internal details. They persisted but were slowly 
snuffed out as clouds thickened toward sunset. No reports at issue 
time from any one at NEAF observing them. 
    A huge solar coronal ejection was aimed toward Earth on 9-13 April 
2018, with hope of generating northern lights over NYSkies.Sky over 
whole week was cloudy or hazy, smothering any aurora that may have 
occurred. 
    Jupiter enters the evening sky in early May; saturn, late May. 
Jupiter this year is slowly gaining on Saturn. Their separation 
decreases into 2019 in climax in a grand conjunction in 2020. Jupiter-
Saturn conjunctions come at 19-20 year intervals and this coming one 
will be my own FOURTH that I witnessed.