CANYON OF HEROS ------------- John Pazmino NYSkies Astronomy Inc www.nyskies.org firstname.lastname@example.org 2008 March 1 initial 2009 January 24 current
Introduction ---------- Readers asked about tickertape parades after the one on 2008 February 5 for NY Giants Super Bowl win over the New England Patriots Surprisingly, there is no definitive list of these parades! This fact came out when Lower Manhattan planned its parade plaques for Broadway in the mid 2000s. You would think tickertape parades, such important events in the City, are thoroly chronicled and documented. Pick up a list at the mayor's office, right? They aren't! When Lower Manhattan built its plaques in about 2004, it missed, for lack of good records, several parades that took place in the 1970s! They were caught by plaque workers who remembered these parades. I assembled this table from many source, including searches of early New York newspapers. Altho I cleaned up the list, it may still be incomplete. Please, if you suspect a missing parade, tell me, with positive source for it. This can be a newspaper report or announcement for the parade or a souvenir from it. Merely citing other compilations isn't all that reliable, altho you may want to follow up for any you uncover them them.
Brief history ----------- There were parades up Broadway in New York since the Dutch era, like for any other large town in the 1600s. The tradition continued into the British colonial times, culminating with the parade and celebration for Evacuation Day. Parades were staged in Broadway because of the streets in old New York it ws the broadest, straightest, longest street. It traversing the entire latitude of the City from the Battery to the Commons (present City Hall Park). Even in the 1800s there were 'tall' buildings massed along Broadway of up to 8 or 10 floors. These provided an overlook upon the parades. These were the headquarters of commercial and business companies dealing with trade and finance. Wall Street was already a major financial hub, ranking only under London. In the 1880s skyscraper building began in New York with towers reaching 15, 20, 25 floors along Broadway. Much of the boom was the perfection of the elevator, making it safe and easy to get to the upper floors. An other was the desire to spot ships farther out in the harbor by telescope from an upper floor. As far as anyone can determine, no one before the 1886 Statue of Liberty parade thought to toss loose material onto the marchers. Descriptions allude to flag and sign waving and to fireworks but never to falling debris, like chopped up papers, ripped up cotton, shreds of cloth, wood chips...
TIckertape -------- The rise of New York as the planetary monetary capital demanded rapid accurate news from the finance markets in Wall Street. The original method was to have runners write down the news items and , well, run to their clients in the surrounding streets. They were the early-day bicycle messengers. Bicycles in the 19th century were too crude and the streets too rugged for travel by bike. The messengers got about on foot. Telegraphy was tried but its messages were mixed in with all other telegraph traffic. A dedicated service was needed. Thomas Edison invented the tickertape machine, a specialized telegraph that also generated a hardcopy of the market news. It sent out its news within seconds with unerring precision to all of its subscribers. The machine, about the size of a cukoo clock, sat on the table or stand under a glass cover. As merket news was received, it was punched into a paper tape, that indexed forward by a battery-powered motor. When commercial electric was offered, the machines were built to run off of it. The punches were made by a row of styli driven by solenoids to make a series of coded holes across the width of the tape. The name 'ticker' comes from the gentle punch noise, a 'tick', when the styli pierced the paper tape. The holes represented the market instrument and trading price. Customers knew the coding of the holes and read the tape as it issued from the machine. The symbol for a compnay trading in the New York Stock Exchange is its 'ticker symbol', once the identifying abbreviation punched in the tape by the ticker machine. This same symbol is used today (provided the company is still around!) in clear text. Symbols for new companies are assigned using the same ticker coding scheme. The machine generated piles of punched tape. After the customer read off its news, the tape went into the office trash. There was always a sack or two laying around the office for the waste tape. This material made the New York parade the definitive 'tickertape parade'. The tossed tape spirals out into the air, the holes causing it to loft and swell as it twists around..The use of tickertape waned in the mid 20th century with the advent of computerized news services.Yet, tickertape itself was in use, as the hardcopy output of computer- controlled printers, until the 1970s. The supply of tickertape rapidly shrank for use in parades. For a couple decades the City had a deal to artificially make punched tickertape. The holes were randomly inserted or coded from old news. This it distributed in bags of about 20 kilograms each to buildings along the parade route! Today, with the baility of businesses to generate particulate paper matter thru shredders or chippers, no more tickertape is needed. the City does hand out bags of confetti, for which there are several current manufacturers.
First parades ----------- The 1886 celebration was a spontaneous tickertape parade. The ticker machine was in wide use along Broadway. With a supply of old tickertape to hand, some one, now lost to history, decided to tear some old tape and toss it out of his offive window. The tape unfurled, curled and snaked as it drifted to the ground. Within seconds, the entire street was a blizzard of tickertape, and likely other small light materials. However, the name 'tickertape parade' seems to be first used for the parades of the 1910s to honor World War I heros. The tickertape parade was formalized in the late 1910s under the City's official 'greeter', the office that hosted dignitaries and delegates when they visited the City. It arranged where appropriate a parade in their honor. It organized the police, sanitation, traffic, other departments to stage the parades. When the greeter's office was closed in the 1950s, the mayor's office continued management of the parades. By then the ticker was under displacement by teletype and computers. used Z-fold tearoffs, computer punchcards, perforation punchouts, torn up phone books, streams of toilet tissue, ripped up correspondence, time cards, routing slips were added to the mix of parade snow.
Heros or heroes? -------------- Because of the parades and the tall towers, Broadway is called the 'Canyon of heroes'. Or is it the 'Canyon of heros'? 'Hero' is a noun ending in 'o' for which the plural adds 'es' like 'potatoes', 'nachoes', 'bozoes'. In recent decades, particularly since the 1990s, there is a swing in American language to regularize words. One shift is to add 's', not 'es', to nounds ending in 'o' to make plurals: 'potatos', 'nachos', 'bozos'. You may see either 'heroes' or 'heros' in Broadway's nickname. Both are correct.
History in the sidewalk --------------------- In about 2004 Lower Manhattan began a project to commemorate the tickertape parades by embedding in the sideewalk of Broadway plaques for each event. The plaques are in time order starting from Bowling Green and ending, as at January 2009, in front of the Woolworth building. The plaques are a living history book to inspire new generations. Standing on a marker will induce study of its event and people, link them to other phases of history, compare them to modern times. As you walk from the one to the next, you experience human history. You FEEL in your bones that king, aviator, general, athlete, explorer, astronaut walking past you, waving to you. You WANT to cheer him right then and there, while standing on his plaque, decades after he walked by! The plaques are strips of granite with steel lettering embedded in the sidewalk along Broadway. They are flush with the ground, so you can't get a good rubbing off of them. Because they are laid on both sides of Broadway, you have to zigzag your way along the street. They are placed a bit irregularly about 5 meters apart and are skipped momentarily for street works. As previously missed parades are confirmed, plaques for them will be inserted among the others already in place. You may photograph them. The plaques align right-way-round as seen from the south (downtown, toward Bowling Green). Try to get daylight onto the plaque to better show up the lettering. Photography at night or under deep shade gets only lousy pictures. There was a booklet listing all of the plaques that seems to br out of print with no promise of reissue. The list here has more parades than are placed among the plaques. This is specially true in the years before World War I. The newest plaque honors the New Tork Giants for its Super Boel vistory over the New England patriots in 2008. The paenultimate one commemorates the World Series win by the New York Yankees in 2000. There is room for 25-30 more plaques in Broadway and around City Hall Park.
The last parade? -------------- A tickertape parade's majestic feature is the downflux of snow over the marchers from the towers lining the route. Thus, falling debris was a symbol of a cheerful, happy, good occasion. Then, on 11 September 2001, there fell over Broadway a snow of an utterly other meaning. The collapse of the World Trade Center rained papers and other material all over Lower Manhattan. Some items were not so innocent, like desks, concrete chunks, pipes, office machines. This downflux was a signature feature of a horrible disaster! Would this sudden inversion of meaning kill off future tickertape parades? Would the parade snow spark unintended memories? There just happened to be no parade for several years after World Trade Center. By the time the Giants took the Super Bowl, the City worked off the more intense feelings of World Trade Center. Maybe it was time to resume the tickertape parades? There was serious debate. Maybe with the new millennium, tickertape parades are outdated? Maybe there's a new kind of celebration the City should try? In the end, a tickertape parade in the traditional manner was held for the Giants. The marchers and spectators loved it! The interval since the Mets- Yankees parade was many years, not really more than lulls between parades in previous decades. So, New York got its parades, with new ones in the works for future occasions.
Marchers ------ The parade starts at Bowling Green, at the foot of Broadway just north of Battery Park, quite where the colonial parades stepped off from. Lower Manhattan enlarged over the centuries from landfill. Bowling Green was closer to the waterfront back then. The colonial shore was about in the middle of today's Battery Park, where the colonial British fort stood. Marchers muster in along streets around Bowling Green and Battery Park. The delegations and vehicles are dispatched into the parade in the prescribed order to head north into Broadway. Marchers arrive early, according to their preparations, but all must be ready to step off when cued. Unlike the Thanksgiving parade, there are no lavish floats or costumes. The marchers walk on foot or ride in open-top cars. Large delegations may sit on seats fitted into trucks. Dress is either business attire or the outfit worn during the heroic event, like a military or sports uniform. Music bands, horse-mounted police and rangers, and banners are the most elaborate features of a tickertape parade. The marchers walk or ride north in Broadway to City Hall Park for speeches and ceremonies on the steps of City Hall. In colonial times the parade ended in the Commons, which evolved into City Hall Park, then at the north frontier of the City. With no City Hall on Broadway in colonial times, the speeches were done at Trinity Church with a rally to end the march in the Commons. One trick is to clamp your shirt collar against your neck and throat. Use large rubber bands or masking tape for easy painless removal after the parade. This lessens the amount of snow that gets down your back and chest. The band or tape can be disguised by a scarf or other clothing. No kidding, this really works! An other trick is to have to hand a whisk broom to brush snow off of you from time to time. Take turns with the other honorees with you. After reaching City Hall Park, the honorees walk to City Hall to assigned seats. The rest of the parade musters out. These other marchers may watch the ceremony or just go home. In addition to the marchers, special guests may already be seated at City Hall, not marching in the parade, to take in the ceremony. One of the rituals at City Hall is to present to the honoree the 'key to the City'. This is a synbolic metal key, about the size of a hefty executive pen, in a presentation box. It signifies that the honoree is so welcome in the City that he can come and go as he wants thru the City's gate with his own key. There never was such a gate for New York. The tradition comes from the Dutch era, when in Holland and elsewhere in Europe towns were circumvallated with a defense wall. Entry was by advance and recognition before gatekeepers. Designated honored persons were given their own key to unlock the gate and enter.
Curbside spectators ----------------- Parades are announced days or a week ahead, for preparations among municipal, state, federal agencies and private companies. The public has tow main choices to watch the parade. The most popular by sheer numbers is to stand at curbside along Broadway Parade barriers are deployed to keep the crowds on the sidewalk. It is not really allowed to jump the barriers to mingle with the marchers. Sometimes when the parade is paused marchers may come to the curb to shake hands with the spectators. Parades are held at all times of the year, from arctic winter thru tropical summer. Dress for the weather. Parades are rarely, if ever, postponed or cancelled once established. Be prepared to stand in the outdoors for a couple hours. This includes waiting at your spot for the parade to reach you.. Parades are always in daylight, typicly stepping off at 10:30- 11:00 and reaching City Hall at 12:00. Counting in the whole length of the line of marchers, the parade takes about a half hour to pass vompletely by you. This practice comes fro celestial geometry and long history. Broadway aligns about 29-1/2 degrees right, west, of due south, so it is in shade during the morning. This makes it more comfortable for the marchers and spectators. The worst discomfort comes from lingering chill and damp before the Sun heats the street in early afternoon. It may be more comfortable in summer when the shade blocks the solar heating until the parade is over. Spectators for tickertape parades are extremely well-behaved folk. This is amazing given the diversity of population in the City and the variety of theme of the parade. The one roof rule is that you must not deliberately block the view of others around you. There being no tiers or steps for the spectators, it's easy to forget that people behind you must look around your shoulders and head. Large hats and hoods are out, as are large flags and signs. It is almost a given that you let children and short adults to stand in front of you. You probably do not want to sit on the bare curb to get under spectators behind you. Place a newspaper, shopping bag, other protective sheet under you. DIscard this when you leave. You can use noise makers a-la New Year's. You can toss harmless snow into the parade, but it will have no effect on the overall spectacle. It is also an other prop you have to mind, possibly distracting you from the show. It can be clumsy to eat or drink during the parade with other people jostline and cheering around you. Do mind your drinks to avoid spills and splashes. The parade lasts only an hour or so as it passes by a given spot, so you'll be able to break away for lunch or relief. Pick up any litter you make and place it in the trash baskets along Broadway. These may be completely full by the end of the parade, but do try to oblige. Don't throw it into the street thinking the sanitation team will clean it. It will, but you'll really, like really, look barbaric. You may photograph the parade with any harmless means. Under rain or deep cloud you may use flash or video lamps. You should take some pictures with the flash/lamp turned off. You'll be surprised that your camera may adjust its exposure enough to get pleasing pictures with just the ambient lighting. One happy feature is that spectators usually don't mass up until shortly before the parade. You don't, like for the Thanksgiving or New Year's festivities, camp out at your viewing spot. Showing up an hour before the parade steps off should be adequate. There are no 'best' places along Broadway, all points being about equally good for curbside viewing. Around City Hall there is very limited space for public spectators. The Park in front of City Hall is full of trees that block your view. For certain parades, the park may be closed, leaving essentially no space for the public. Some view is obtained at the sides of City Hall in Broadway and Park Row, but only from tens of meters distance. In substance, once the parade disbands at City Hall Park the show is over for the causal spectator.
Overlook spectators ----------------- The other way to watch is from a window overlooking Broadway. This requires that you have a room up there or are a guest of some one who does have one. There is no public access to wayside windows without explicit permission from within the building. If you are favored to watch from a friend's window, MAKE SURE he gives you written authorization to enter his building. You can cheer and scream and yell but no one on the street will hear you. There's enough noise from the street to totally drown you out. Ho ahead with New Year's noise makers, horns, whistles. Be specially careful if your window opens from the bottom such that you can fall out! I have no knowledge of any one falling from a window during a tickertape parade, but there are each year about 100 deaths from such falls. It is, believe it or not, one of the leading causes of death on Manhattan! Stay INSIDE the window. You may look out by crouching down so only your head pokes out. This keeps the bulk of your body inside to prevent loss of balance. NEVER go out onto the jump on the outside of the building. In the 1960s and 1970s most new buildings along Broadway were constructed with sealed windows. This prevented the tossing of confetti and tickertape. The fear was that within a decade, there would be no more tickertape parades because, as buildings are replaced or renovated, the would be fewer and fewer apertile windows. Starting in the 1980s, partly from the nascent green movement, some renovations replaced the sealed windows with apertile ones (with limited swing or lift), once again letting the snow fall from them.
Parade concerns ------------- In the 1990s and continuing thru today a new fear, identity theft or corporate espionage, sprang up. It was feasible for badniks on the street to collect business and private papers from the falling snow and convert them to their own nefarious use. The remedy, thanks to electric shredders, is to reduce the papers to tiny bits. They will disperse in the air as they fall, thoroly randomizing them against any hope of assembly by the baddies. In the 2000s the threat of bomb attacks entered the scene. With the brutal experience of World trade Center, it is possible that a suicidal person, hemmed in by dense crowds, could explode a bomb. Any large public gathering, like for the annual New Year's festival in Times Square, carries this concern.Since we had only one tickertape parade since World Trade Center, it's hard to say if the new security provisions are adequate. The iron rule exists that nothing must be thrown out that can harm any one on the street by impact. Only loose tiny materials may be in the snow. The parades are carefully videotaped over their whole route so any violators are quickly found and penalized. Once in a while a box or tray does fall. So far these seem to be honest mistakes, being knocked off of a window sill by accident..
Heros of humankind ---------------- As you study the table below, you'll notice how the concept of hero shifted over the decades. The City honored science, exploration, battles, rescues. It also staged many vanity parades, just to say, 'welcome!' to visiting dignitaries without specific achievements. It also honored sports champions. The selection of honorees reflects the features of society, decade by decade, deemed worthy of recognition. Except for vanity parades, for assorted kings, emperors, presidents, other leaders because of their rank, the New York tickertape parades do give a fair cross section of human achievements. One honoree is rather unusual. William O'Dwyer was mayor of New York in the late 1940s. He was caught in a corruption scandal in his office and was forced to resign. He jumped to a new career as ambassador to Mexico, where he spent most of his remianing life. Not much of a hero, no? A tickertape parade was staged for him on August 31st of 1950, his last day in office! Historians debate the true purpose of this parade. was it a 'Good riddance, go away!' celebration? Was it a 'Nyah, suckers, I'm off to Mexico!' celebration? Which ever, there's the plaque for him in front of ! Wall Street, directly across from Trinity Church.
Table of parades -------------- There were so far over 200[!] tickertape parades from 1886 thru 2008. Some early parades were loosely described in the news media and the term 'tickertape parade' seems to be first coined for the parades for World War I heros. Absence of specific mention of tickertape in anews story may mean either that there was none or that it was too common a knowledge to emphasize. Parades were staged at irregular intervals. Some years have many and some decades have only a few. ------------------------------------------------------ 1880s 1886 Oct 29 - Statue of Liberty dedication [spontaneous] 1888 May 11 - Recovery from Blizzard of 1888 March 13 1889 Apr 29 - Centennial of Washington presidential inauguration 1890s 1899 Sep 30 - Adml Dewey for Battle of Manila in Spanish-American War 1900s 1909 Date unknown - Jack Binns of RMS Republic for world's 1st radio- assisted sea rescue 1910s 1910 Jun 18 - Theodore Roosevelt return from his African safari 1919 Sep 8 - Genl Pershing commander American Expeditionary Force 1919 Oct 3 - King Albert & Queen Elisabeth of Belgium 1919 Nov 18 - Edward Albert, Prince of Wales. 1920s 1921 Oct 19 - Genl Armando Diaz, Italian commander 1921 Oct 28 - Ferdinand Foch, Marshal of France. 1922 Apr 24 - Joseph Joffre, Marshal of France 1922 Nov 18 - Georges Clemenceau former premier of France. 1923 Oct 5 - David Lloyd George former prime minister of UK. 1924 Aug 6 - US athletes from Paris Olympics 1926 Feb 16 - Capt George Fried and SS Pres Roosevelt for sea rescue. 1926 May 27 - Crown Prince Adolf, Crown Princess Louise, of Sweden 1926 Jun 23 - Cmdr Richard Byrd, Floyd Bennett, flight over N Pole 1926 Jul 2 - Bobby Jones winner of British Open golf tournament 1926 Aug 27 - Gertrude Ederle 1st woman to swim English Channel 1926 Sep 10 - Amelia Corson 1st mother; 2nd woman to swim English Chl 1926 Oct 18 - Queen Marie of Romania. 1927 Jun 13 - Charles Lindbergh for solo transatlantic flight. 1927 Jul 18 - Cmdr Richard Byrd and crew for transatlantic flight. 1927 Nov 11 - Ruth Elder, George Haldeman, for flight NYC-Azores. 1928 Jan 20 - W Cosgrave, Pres of Exec Council of Irish Free State. 1928 Apr 25 - Hermann Kohl Maj James Fitzmaurice, Baron von Hunefeld for 1st westward transatlantic flight 1928 Aug 22 - US Olympic athletes. 1929 May 4 - Prince Ludovico Spado Potenziani governor of Rome 1929 Jul 6 - Amelia Earhart, Wilmer Stulz, Louis Gordon 1929 Oct 16 - Hugo Eckener and crew of the Graf Zeppelin 1929 Jan 28 - Capt Fried and crew for rescue of freighter Florida 1929 Oct 4 - James Ramsay MacDonald prime minister of United Kingdom 1930s 1930 May 26 - Marquis Jacques de Dampierre rider on the Lafayette 1930 Jun 11 - Julio Prestes de Albuquerque pres-elect of Brazil. 1930 Jun 18 - Rear Adml Richard Byrd for expedition to Antarctica. 1930 Jul 2 - Bobby Jones winner of British Open golf tournament. 1930 Sep 4 - Cpt Coste and Maurice Bellonte for flight Paris-NYC 1931 Jul 2 - Wiley Post and Harold Gatty for round-the-world flight. 1931 Oct 22 - Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France. 1932 Jun 20 - Amelia Earhart Putnam for transatlantic flight. 1933 Jul 21 - Air Marshal Balbo and crew for flight Rome-Chicago 1933 Jul 26 - Wiley Post for eight-day round-the-world flight 1933 Aug 1 - Cpt Mollison and wife for 1st solo westward transatlantic flight Wales-Connecticut 1936 Sep 3 - Jesse Owens for winning 4 gold medals and US team at Berlin Olympics 1938 Jul 15 - Howard Hughes for three-day flight around the world 1938 Aug 5 - Douglas 'Wrong Way' Corrigan for NYC-Ireland flight 1939 Apr 27 - Crown Prince Olav and Crown Princess Martha of Norway 1939 May 1 - Rear Adml Johnson commander of the Atlantic Squadron 1940s 1945 Jun 10 - Genl Eisenhower commander of Allied Forces in WWII 1945 Aug 27 - Genl Charles de Gaulle interim president of France 1945 Sep 14 - Genl Jonathan Wainwright hero of Corregidor 1945 Oct 9 - Fleet Adml Chester Nimitz for WWII services 1945 Oct 27 - President Harry Truman continuing Roosevelt's term 1945 Dec 14 - Fleet Adml William Halsey for WWII services 1946 Jan 12 - US 82nd Airborne Div as All American Div in WWII 1946 Mar 14 - Winston Churchill former prime minister of UK 1947 Jan 13 - Alcide De Gasperi premier of Italy 1947 Feb 7 - Viscount Alexander of Tunis, govr genl of Canada 1947 May 2 - Miguel Aleman Valdes president of Mexico 1947 Nov 18 - US-Europe 'Friendship train' with gifts and supplies 1948 Mar 9 - Eamon de Valera former Taoiseach of Rep of Ireland 1948 Jul 7 - Romulo Gallegos president of Venezuela 1949 Feb 3 - France-US 'French gratitude train' with gifts 1949 May 19 - General Lucius Clay military governor of Germany 1949 May 23 - Eurico Gaspar Dutra president of Brazil 1949 Aug 11 - Elpidio Quirino president of the Philippines 1949 Aug 19 - Connie Mack for 50th anniv as mngr of Phila Athletics 1949 Sep 17 - 48 Europe journalists on 'American discovery' flight 1949 Oct 4 - Amer Legion Drum & Bugle Corps national championship 1949 Oct 17 - Jawaharlal Nehru prime minister of India 1950s 1950 Apr 17 - Gabriel Gonzalez Videla president of Chile 1950 Apr 28 - Adml Thomas Kinkaid 1950 May 8 - Liaquat Ali Khan president of Pakistan. 1950 Aug 4 - Robert Gordon Menzies prime minister of Australia. 1950 Aug 22 - Lt Genl Clarence Huebner 1950 Aug 31 - William O'Dwyer for resigning as mayor of New York 1951 Apr 3 - Vincent Auriol president of France 1951 Apr 20 - Genl Douglas MacArthur for WWII & Korean War services 1951 May 9 - David Ben-Gurion prime minister of Israel 1951 May 24 - US 4th Inftry Div 8th Regimt, 1st troops sent to NATO 1951 Jun 25 - Galo Plaza Lasso president of Ecuador 1951 Sep 17 - Sir Denys Lowson, Lord Mayor of London 1951 Sep 28 - Alcide De Gasperi prime minister of Italy 1951 Oct 29 - United Nations servicemen wounded in Korea 1951 Nov 13 - women of the armed forces 1952 Jan 17 - Henrik Carlsen for rescuing crew of Flying Enterprise 1952 Apr 7 - Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands 1952 Jul 7 - US Olympic team 1952 Jul 18 - Cmdr Manning and crew of SS United States for new speed record crossing the Atlantic 1952 Dec 18 - Lt Genl Crittenberger retiring commander of US First Army HQ at Fort Jay, Governors Island 1953 Apr 3 - Metro NY Combat Contingt, 1st troop return from Korea. 1953 Apr 24 - Lt Genl James Van Fleet 1953 May 26 - 150th anniversary of setting cornerstone at City Hall 1953 Jul 21 - Ben Hogan winner of the British Open golf tournament 1953 Oct 1 - Jos, Antonio Rem›n president of Panama 1953 Oct 20 - Genl Mark Clark 1953 Oct 26 - Maj Genl William Dean 1953 Nov 2 - King Paul and Queen Friederike of Greece 1954 Feb 1 - Celal Bayar president of Turkey 1654 Apr 22 - US 4th Infantry Division return from Korea 1954 Apr 26 - Lt Genevieve de Galard-Terraube, Angel of Dien Bien Phu 1954 Jun 1 - Haile Selassie emperor of Ethiopia 1954 Aug 2 - Syngman Rhee president of South Korea 1954 Sep 27 - New York Giants winners of National League pennant 1954 Oct 28 - William Tubman president of Liberia 1955 Jan 31 - Paul EugSne Magloire president of Haiti 1955 Aug 11 - Order of the Knights of Pythias 1955 Nov 4 - Carlos Castillo Armas president of Guatemala 1955 Dec 9 - Luis Batlle Berres president of Uruguay 1956 Mar 12 - Giovanni Gronchi president of Italy 1956 May 15 - Armed Forces Day 1956 May 23 - Sukarno president of Indonesia 1957 May 2 - Navy Lg for 60 commanders of Navy & Marines in WWII 1957 May 13 - Ngo Dinh Diem president of South Vietnam 1957 Jul 2 - Alan Villiers and crew of the Mayflower II 1957 Jul 11 - Althea Gibson winner of Wimbledon women's singles 1957 Oct 21 - Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 1957 Dec 9 - King Mohammed V of Morocco 1958 May 20 - Van Cliburn winner of Moscow Tchaikovsky Competition 1958 Jun 20 - Theodor Heuss president of Fedl Rep of Germany 1958 Jun 23 - Carlos Garcia president of the Philippines 1958 Aug 27 - Rear Adml Rickover, Cmdr Anderson, crew USS Nautilus 1959 Jan 29 - Arturo Frondizi president of Argentina 1959 Feb 10 - Willy Brandt mayor of West Berlin 1959 Mar 13 - Jos, Mara Lemus president of El Salvador 1959 Mar 20 - Sean O'Kelly president of Ireland 1959 May 29 - King Baudouin of Belgium 1959 Sep 11 - Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands 1959 Oct 14 - Adolfo L›pez Mateos president of Mexico 1959 Nov 4 - Ahmed Sekou Tour, president of Guinea 1960s 1960 Mar 9 - Carol Heiss, Olympic figure skating gold medalist 1960 Apr 11 - Alberto Lleras Camargo president of Colombia 1960 Apr 26 - Charles de Gaulle president of France 1960 Jul 5 - King Adulyadej and Queen Kitiyakara of Thailand 1960 Oct 19 - John Kennedy, Democratic presidential nominee 1960 Nov 2 - Pres Eisenhower & VP Nixon, Republican pres nominee 1961 Apr 10 - New York Yankees winners of American League pennant 1961 May 11 - Habib Bourguiba president of Tunisia 1961 Oct 13 - Ibrahim Abboud president of Sudan 1961 Oct 27 - builders and crew of the USS Constellation 1962 Mar 1 - John Glenn, 1st US human to orbit Earth 1962 Apr 5 - Joao Goulart president of Brazil 1962 Apr 9 - New York Yankees winners of the World Series 1962 Apr 16 - Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Empress Farah of Iran 1962 Apr 12 - New York Mets new National League baseball team 1962 May 25 - Felix Houphou%t-Boigny president of Ivory Coast 1962 Jun 5 - Scott Carpenter for the Mercury 7 mission 1962 Jun 8 - Archbishop Makarios head of Cypriot Orthodox Church 1962 Jun 14 - Roberto Chiari president of Panama 1963 Jan 17 - Antonio Segni president of Italy 1963 Apr 1 - King Hassan II of Morocco 1963 May 22 - Gordon Cooper for the Mercury 9 mission 1963 Jun 10 - Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan president of India 1963 Sep 10 - King Zahir Shah and Queen Homaira of Afghanistan 1963 Oct 4 - Haile Selassie emperor of Ethiopia 1964 Ju6 16 - Operation Sail ship crews 1964 Oct 8 - Diosdado Macapagal president of the Philippines 1965 Mar 29 - Virgil Grissom, John Young for Gemini 3 mission 1965 May 19 - Chung Hee Park president of South Korea 1969 Jan 10 - F Borman, J Lovell, W Anders for Apollo 8 mission 1969 Aug 13 - N Armstrong, E Aldrin, M Collins for Apollo 11 mission 1969 Oct 20 - New York Mets championship in World Series. 1970s 1976 Jul 6 - American Bicentennial and OpSail crews 1977 Oct 19 - New York Yankees championship in World Series 1978 Oct 19 - New York Yankees championship in World Series 1979 Oct 3 - Pope John Paul II papal visit to New York 1980s 1981 Jan 30 - American hostages released from Iran 1984 Aug 15 - US Summer Olympics medalists 1985 May 7 - Vietnam War veterans 1986 Oct 28 - New York Mets championship in World Series 1990s 1990 Jun 20 - Nelson Mandela of South Africa 1991 Jun 10 - Persian Gulf War veterans 1991 Jun 25 - Korean War veterans 1994 Jun 17 - New York Rangers for Stanley Cup hockey championship 1996 Oct 29 - New York Yankees championship in World Series 1998 Oct 17 - Sammy Sosa, Chicago Cubs baseball home run champion 1998 Oct 29 - New York Yankees winners of World Series 1998 Nov 16 - John Glenn and crew of Shuttle Discovery STS-95 1999 Oct 29 - New York Yankees championship in World Series 2000s 2000 Oct 30 - Yankees-Mets Subway Series and Yankees World Series 2008 Feb 5 - New York Giants championship in Super Bowl XLII -------------------------------------------------------------
Multiple honors ------------- Ten persons were featured in more than one tickertape parade. Many other people were in several parades with sports teams, notably the New York Yankees. ---------------------------------------------- Richard Byrd - - - 3 Alcide De Gasperi - 2 Charles de Gaulle - 2 Amelia Earhart - - 2 Dwight Eisenhower - 2 George Fried - - - 2 John Glenn - - - - 2 Bobby Jones - - - - 2 Wiley Post - - - - 2 Haile Selassie - - 2 ----------------------------------------------- Failed parades ------------ There must have been scores of proposed parades that never were carried out. The honoree is not available, planned services do not come thru, fund are low, circumstance are not right. Very few of these failed parades get public attention because when it is clear that the parade can not march, it is just not announced. Other proposed parades were really just ideas tossed out with no actual planning and preparation. There could be hundreds of these, all very poorly noted in history. 'Oh, let's have a tickertape parade for such-&-such famous person, OK?' There must have been many parades offered and set up that were TURNED DOWN by the honoree. These would be of such embarrassment to the City that they were quickly withdrawn from public attention. Here are two example of failed parades. In 1987 the New York Giants took the Super Bowl. Mayor Koch played down the team as a 'New Jersey' team not worthy of a New York tickertape parade. A flurry of nasty words flew between the team and mayor, moving the Giants to stage its own parade around their Meadowlands stadium in New Jersey. Mayor Koch softened and offered a tickertape parade to the Giants as an other celebration supplementing the Meadowlands parade. The team turned it down, likely out of spite. The other example came in 2003 after the initial phase of the Iraq war. Mayor Bloomberg offered a tickertape parade to a delegation of the armed forces in that campaign, like the one the City gave to Persian Gulf soldiers in 1991. During the planning with the Defense Department and President Bush, it was felt that a tickertape parade would look like the US was bragging and boasting about the incursion into Iraq. More subdued congratulations were preferred, like a presentation of honors at City Hall. The proposed tickertape parade was dropped. . It isn't worth the time and energy trying to track down all of the failed parades. They didn't take place and had no lasting adverse consequences later.
Other towns --------- A few other towns try to stage their own tickertape parades, but the results are comical. The snow is thin and covers only a hundred or so meters of street. No other town has the density of towers lining the parade route for so long a distance, about 1,800 meters, as along Broadway in New York. There are no focal points like Bowling Green and City Hall, a unique quirk oc City history and geography. In many towns, there are no elevated places to drop snow from, the parade being in a field, midway, park. There is the persistent rumor than a tickertape parade was planned in Washington DC. Its purpose varies with the rumor-mill. The parade would march round and round the Washington Monument, the only good elevation in the town. Parade crews would toss confetti from the lookout windows at the top. This parade was never staged, but nothing definite ever turned up about the extent of the plans. Washington's most important parade, for president's inauguration, is a tame one in Pennsylvania Avenue from the Capitol to the White House with no thought of tickertape features. Spectators stand on the curb and cheer while the president and his team wave back. Some towns gave up attempts to have their own tickertape parades and are satisfied with conventional marches for their heros. A similar situation applies to the Thanksgiving parade. Here, there is no snow but the canyon effect of the parade route is simply unmatched anywhere else on the planet. There are also no large balloons. That's why when you think of 'Thanksgiving parade', you instinctively think of the one in New York. In fact, it is common to call the parade the 'Macy's parade' after the New York department store that sponsors it. The parade ends when the last float, that for Santa Claus, crosses the front gate of the store. That instant officially begins the Christmas season on Earth.
Conclusion -------- The planet's tickertape parades will be a fixture of the City into this 21st century. Parades will be staged from time to time, at erratic intervals, so you have a chance to see several in your lifetime. If you review the table above, you see that even in the lean years, there were enough parades to satisfy your purpose in life.