NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS FROM NEW YORK CITY
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 John Pazmino
 NYSkies Astronomy Inc
 nyskies@nyskies.org
 www.nyskies.org 
 2001 October 22
Introduction
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    New York City has long been a fount of Nobel Prize winners almost 
from the its consolidation from the five boros in 1898. Its first 
Nobel laureate was Theodore Roosevelt, for the prize in peace in 1906. 
Since then laureates graced the City with their Nobel Prizes in every 
decade except the 1920s. 
    'City' means here any where within the five boros, even tho a 
person's first allegiance is to the boro more than to the City. I am a 
Brooklynite, for example. New York maintained the same geographical 
and political extent for the entire history of the Nobel Prizes. There 
was no adjustment needed for changes of territory or jurisdiction. 
    The compilation is narrowly focused on the City. The NYSkies turf 
around New York produced many Nobel Prize winners. A specific search 
must be made to assemble a list comparable to the one here. 
    The table here is based on a compilation by the NY Times on 2009 
May 29. I updated it for omissions and newer laureates. The amendments 
come from other articles about City winners, lists from various City 
schools, and biographies of winners. 
    The Times seems to include a laureate if he satisfies at least one 
of the following criteria: 
    * born or raised within the City 
    * Graduated from high school or college within the City
    * Did the Nobel-worthy work within the City
I add a fourth qualification: 
    * Continued Nobel-related work within the City since the award 
    A laureate may be claimed by many towns because he may pass thru 
several towns during his life and career before earning the Nobel 
Prize. Expect duplicated among laureates from other towns. 
    Here is the text of the Times article. It was written for the 
dedication of the Nobel Monument at the American Museum of Natural 
History. This granite pylon stands near the west entrance of the 
Museum at where 80th St crosses the campus. 
 = = = = = 
 May 29, 2009, 10:13 am 
 New York and Its Nobel Laureates
 By JENNIFER 8. LEE 
    Department of Parks and Recreation The Nobel Monument at Theodore 
Roosevelt Park at 81st Street and Columbus Avenue. 
 Updated, 3:06 p.m.
    The first American to win a Nobel Prize was a New Yorker, and many 
of the subsequent ones were, too. Theodore Roosevelt was awarded the 
Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for his work in brokering the 1905 peace 
treaty formally ending the Russo-Japanese War. It was the first Nobel 
awarded to an American after the prizes were established in 1901. Thus 
Theodore Roosevelt Park, a neighbor of the American Museum of Natural 
History, was considered the natural home when the city's Parks 
Department and the Swedish Embassy wanted to find a space for a 
monument to American Nobel laureates. The Alfred Nobel monument, a 
pink obelisk at 81st Street, was erected in 2003. Each year, the names 
of the new American laureates are engraved on the stone. On Thursday, 
a ceremony unveiled the names of four Americans who were awarded 
Nobels in 2008: Roger Y. Tsien and Martin Chalfie for chemistry; Paul 
R. Krugman (an Op-Ed columnist for The New York Times) for economics; 
and Yoichiro Nambu for physics. Americans make up fully one-third of 
Nobel Prize laureates; no other country has as many. And as Adrian 
Benepe, the parks commissioner, observed, "A large number of those 
Americans are either those who came from New York, or spent their 
educational or professional career in New York." Indeed, at least 60 
have before being awarded the Nobel Prize. It is not just the 
universities and research institutions - like Columbia, Rockefeller 
and New York Universities - that can list their Nobel laureates. New 
York City's public school system has produced more than 25, according 
to data from the Board of Education. Bronx High School of Science has 
produced at least six, while its rival, Stuyvesant High School, has 
produced four. Far Rockaway High School, DeWitt Clinton and James 
Madison and have produced two apiece. CUNY has 12 graduates who have 
won the Nobel. Citing a widely circulated observation from John 
Sexton, the president of N.Y.U., Mr. Benepe said that New York City is 
often called a FIRE capital (for the financial, insurance and real 
estate sectors of the economy), but it is also an ICE capital (for the 
intellectual, cultural and educational sectors). "So you have fire and 
ice," he said. Hundreds of thousands of jobs are produced by the 
city's cultural, museums and research organizations, Mr. Benepe noted, 
adding: "It's a very important part of the city's life and economy." 
Mr. Benepe took special pride in the monument because it was dedicated 
to collective intellectual achievement, which is rare as far as 
monuments go. In contrast, he noted, many monuments celebrate military 
and political achievements. One might muse whether New York is the 
city that has produced the densest number of Nobel laureates per 
square mile, but at the very least it is likely to be trumped by 
Cambridge, Mass., which at just over 6.4 square miles has been home to 
more than 40 laureates at Harvard and M.I.T. Nonetheless, Mr. Benepe 
joked, "You can't go around New York City without bumping into a Nobel 
laureate." Earlier in the week, he was at a gala conversing with a man 
who was pleased with the renovation of Washington Square Park. It 
turned out the man was Robert F. Engle III, an N.Y.U. professor who 
was awarded the Nobel prize for economic science in 2003. There are 
now 308 names on the obelisk, and Mr. Benepe estimated that at the 
current pace of awards for Americans, there was room for at least 40 
or 50, and perhaps 60 more years' worth of names. Below is a 
noncomprehensive list of New Yorkers who have been awarded the Nobel 
Prize. Unless otherwise indicated, institutions listed were the 
affiliation at the time of the prize. More suggestions are welcome. 
 = = = = = 
    This is my list, banded by decades and probably still missing a 
few laureates. In recent decades New York increased the rate of 
earning Nobel Prizes. Readers are welcome to offer corrections. 
 ---------------------------------------------------
 year  prize     laureate            NYC association       
 ---- ------     --------            ---------------
 1906 Peace      Theodore Roosevelt  Born in New York 
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 1912 Medicine   Alexis Carrel       Rockefeller Instt Medcl Resrch 
 1912 Medicine   Elihu Root          US Atty, So Dist of NY 
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 1920s [none] 
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 1930 Medicine   Karl Landsteiner    Rockefeller Instt Medcl Resrch 
 1931 Peace      Nicholas M Butler   Columbia University 
 1934 Chemistry  Harold C Urey       Columbia University 
 1936 Literature Eugene O'Neill      Born in Times Square 
 1937 Physics    Clinton Davisson    Bell Telephone Labs 
 -------------------------------------------------------
 1944 Physics    Isidor I Rabi       Columbia Univ. John Jay HS grad 
 1944 Medicine   Herbert S Gasser    Rockefeller Instt Medcl Resrch 
 1946 Medicine   Hermann Muller      Dewitt Clinton HS grad 
 1949 Physics    Hideki Yukawa       Columbia University 
 --------------------------------------------------------
 1955 Physics    Polykarp Kusch      Columbia University 
 1956 Medicine   André F Cournand    Bellevue Hospital 
 1956 Medicine   Dickinson Richards  Columbia University 
 1957 Physics    Tsung-Dao Lee       Columbia University 
 1958 Medicine   Joshua Lederberg    Stuyvesant HS grad 
 1958 Medicine   Edward Tatum        Rockefeller Instt Medcl Resrch 
 1959 Medicine   Arthur Kornberg     Lincoln HS & CCNY grad
 1959 Medicine   Severo Ochoa        New York University 
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 1961 Physics    Robert Hofstadter   Dewitt Clinton HS & CCNY grad 
 1965 Physics    Richard Feynman     Far Rockaway HS grad 
 1965 Physics    Julian Schwinger    Townsend Harris HS grad 
 1966 Medicine   Peyton Rous         Rockefeller University 
 1967 Medicine   Haldan K Hartline   Rockefeller University 
 1967 Physics    George Brooklyn     Brooklyn Tech HS grad 
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 1970 Medicine   Julius Axelrod      Seward Park HS & CCNY grad 
 1972 Physics    Leon N Cooper       Bronx HS of Science grad 
 1972 Medicine   Gerald M Edelman    Rockefeller University 
 1972 Economics  Kenneth Arrow       Townsend Harris HS & CCNY grad 
 1972 Chemistry  William H Stein     Rockefeller University 
 1972 Chemistry  Stanford Moore      Rockefeller University 
 1974 Medicine   Christian de Duve   Rockefeller University 
 1975 Physics    Leo J Rainwater     Columbia University 
 1976 Medicine   Baruch Blumberg     Far Rockaway HS grad 
 1977 Medicine   Rosalyn S Yalow     Bx VA. Walton HS, Hunter C grad 
 1978 Physics    Arno A Penzias      Brooklyn Tech HS & CCNY grad 
 1979 Physics    Seldon L Glashow    Bronx HS of Science grad 
 1979 Physics    Steven Weinberg     Bronx HS of Science grad 
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 1980 Chemistry  Paul Berg           Lincoln HS grad 
 1981 Chemistry  Roald Hoffmann      Stuyvesant HS grad 
 1984 Chemistry  Robert B Merrifield Rockefeller University 
 1985 Chemistry  Herbert A Hauptman  Townsend Harris HS & CCNY grad 
 1985 Chemistry  Jerome Karle        Lincoln HS & CCNY grad 
 1986 Medicine   Stanley Cohen       James Madison HS & Bklyn C grad 
 1987 Economics  Robert Solow        James Madison HS grad 
 1988 Physics    Melvin Schwartz     Bronx HS of Science grad 
 1988 Medicine   Gertrude B Elion    Walton HS & Hunter C grad 
 1988 Peace      Peacekwwping Forces United Nations
 1988 Physics    Leon M Lederman     Bronx HS of Science & CCNY grad 
 1989 Medicine   Harold E Varmus     Memorial SLoan-Kettering
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 1990 Economics  Harry M Markowitz   City University of New York 
 1992 Economics  Gary Becker         Raised in Brooklyn 
 1993 Economics  Robert Fogel        Stuyvesant HS grad 
 1993 Physics    Russell A Hulse     Bronx HS of Sci & Cooper Unn grad 
 1996 Economics  William Vickrey     Columbia University 
 1998 Medicine   Robert F Furchgott  SUNY Brooklyn Health Sci Ctr 
 1998 Physics    Horst L Störmer     Columbia University 
 1998 Medicine   Loius J Ignarro     Born in New York 
 1999 Medicine   Günter Blobel       Rockefeller University 
 1999 Economics  Robert A Mundell    Columbia University 
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 2000 Medicine   Paul Greengard      Rockefeller University 
 2000 Medicine   Eric R Kandel       Columbia University 
 2001 Economics  Joseph E Stiglitz   Columbia University 
 2001 Medicine   Paul M Nurse        Rockefeller University
 2003 Chemistry  Roderick MacKinnon  Rockefeller University 
 2003 Economics  Robert F Engle III  New York University 
 2004 Medicine   Richard Axel        Columbia U, Stuyvesant HS grad 
 2004 Physics    H Davis Politzer    Bronx HS of Science grad 
 2004 Physics    Frank Wilczek       Martin Van Buren HS grad 
 2005 Economics  Robert Aumann       Rabbi Joseph yeshiva & CCNY grad 
 2005 Physics   "Roy J Glauber       Bronx HS of Science grad 
 2006 Economics  Edmund S Phelps     Columbia University 
 2008 Chemistry  Martin Chalfie      Columbia University 
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 2010 Economics  Peter A Diamond     Born in New York
 2010 Literature Mario Vargas Llosa  Lives in New York
 2011 Economics  Thomas J Sargent    New York University
 2011 Medicine   Ralph M Steinman    Rockefeller University
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