John Pazmino 
 NYSkies Astronomy Inc 
 1994 March 1 
    The delegation of [Amateur Astronomers] Association members at the 
Florida Winter} Star Party discovered an new undocumented star 
cluster in Puppis. Lee Baltin, Arline Caldwell, and John Pazmino made 
the find during starbrowsing at the starparty site on West Summerland 
Key, Florida, at about 10:30PM on Saturday 12 February 1994. 
    The new cluster was spotted first by Caldwell, in her 10x80 
binoculars, who called the others to confirm it. The group then 
examined it in Baltin's 125mm Newton telescope and photographed it 
with Pazmino's camera. Being on none of the charts on hand, even those 
of nearby telescopists on the field, its position and description were 
duly noted for checking back home in the City. Caldwell's Cluster -
after the AAA member who initially came onto it -- is at RA 08h 02m, 
dec -50d 36m (2000), in the southeast corner of Puppis. 
    Caldwell's Cluster lives in a very rich Milky Way field visited 
for centuries by binoculars, telescope, and eye alone. It sits 3-1/2 
degrees southsouthwest of Regor, or gamma Velorum, itself a bright 
wide binary, and two degrees southwest of the bright cluster NGC2547. 
    Just northwest of Caldwell's Cluster is the bright wide binary 
Dunlop 59 and the bright semiregular variable V Puppis. 
    It is of overall the 7th magnitude and about 30 minutes in 
diameter. It consists of a single star of 7th magnitude, SAO235688, 
surrounded by tens of scattered stars of 8th to 10th magnitude. In the 
binoculars the cluster appears as a soft patch around this star, but 
even a low-power telescope breaks it into separate stars. There is no 
condensation, the star density being even thruout the mass. 
    Caldwell's Cluster shows plainly on Vehrenberg's Photographic 
Star-Atlas (plate 372) and the Japanese Book of Constellations (page 
111), and on just about any photograph of the area that shows the 
Milky Way distinctly. 
    It is absent from the usual and common references for deepsky 
objects and from rather uncommon ones, too. These include Burnham's 
Celestial Handbook, Dunlop's Catalogue of [Southern] Nebulae and 
Clusters of Stars, Godillon's Atlas du Ciel, Lynga's Catalogue of Open 
Cluster Data (ADC-CD edition), Ruprecht's Atlas of Open Star Clusters, 
Sagot & Texeraeu's Revue des Constellations, Luginbuhl & Skiff's 
Observing Handbook, Tirion's Sky Atlas 2000. In sum, Caldwell's 
Cluster is wanting from cartographic charts and tabulated catalogs. 
    Both The_Sky and Earth Centered Universe fail to mark Caldwell's 
Cluster by a symbol. However they both do plot enough dim stars at its 
site to match the cluster's overall aspect in the sky. 
    Caldwell's Cluster misses the horizon of New York by its far 
southern declination; in fact, Regor clears the southern horizon by 
but two degrees. Its location among the stars of Puppis and Vela is 
marked on the accompanying map HERE drawn by Earth Centered Universe for 
the moment of discovery.